Glossary

  • 4x4 Response - A voluntary sector organisation that provides 4x4 vehicles & drivers to support emergency responders and voluntary organisations when road or weather conditions prevent their normal vehicles from operating, or their vehicles or drivers are depleted.
  • AACE - Association of Ambulance Chief Executives
  • ABI - Association of British Insurers
  • ACAO - Assistant Chief Ambulance Officer
  • ACC - Assistant Chief Constable
  • Accident - Unplanned, unexpected, unintended and undesirable happening which results in or has the potential for injury, harm, ill-health or damage
  • Accredited Media Representative - A holder of a UK Press Card (www.ukpresscardauthority.co.uk), or one who has been issued with a pass in connection with a particular incident
  • ACFO - Assistant Chief Fire Officer
  • ACP - Access Control Point. Controlled point through which essential non-emergency service personnel may gain access through the outer cordon.
  • ACPO - Association of Chief Police Officers. The professional body of Chief Police Officers. Its core activity is developing policing policy.
  • ACPO (TAM) - Association of Chief Police Officers (Terrorism and Allied Matters)
  • ACPOS - The professional body of Chief Police Officers in Scotland. Its core activity is developing policing policy.
  • AES - Arms & Explosives Search
  • AFCWG - Agricultural and Food Countermeasures Working Group
  • Affected Council - (Local authority guidance term for) Local council requesting mutual aid of another council.
  • AFO - Authorised Firearms Officer
  • AIC - Ambulance Incident Commander. Officer of the ambulance service with overall responsibility for the work of that service at the scene of an emergency.
  • Air Ambulance - Aircraft (usually a helicopter) used primarily to transport medical or paramedical staff to the site of an incident or emergency and casualties to specialist trauma centres and/or designated hospitals
  • AirCO - Person who supervises the involvement of multiple aircraft in search and rescue operations
  • Airwave - The common, secure digital radio system used by the emergency services and others in the resilience and security community. The system is based on the TETRA standards set.
  • AIT - Ambulance Intervention Team
  • ALARP - As Low As Reasonably Practicable
  • ALP - Ambulance Loading Point. Area in close proximity to the Casualty Clearing Station, where ambulances can be manoeuvred and patients placed in ambulances for transfer to hospital
  • ALP - Type of appliance providing a high level platform used for high level aerial rescue, firefighting at height or observation in the Fire and Rescue Services.
  • Alternate(iv)e Emergency Control Centre - (Local authority guidance term for) Emergency Control Centre (ECC) provided by a partner organization of a local authority in the event of an ECC being unavailable
  • AM - Area Manager
  • ANPR - Automatic Number Plate Recognition
  • Ante Mortem - Before death (Latin)
  • Ante Mortem Data - Information obtained from family, friends, etc. about a person who is believed to be among the deceased
  • Anticipation - The first phase of the Integrated Emergency Management process
  • AOCC - Area Operational Coordinating Centre
  • APP - Authorised Professional Practice (College of Policing) repository for national police policies and procedures
  • ARCC - Aeronautical rescue co-ordination centre. Royal Air Force facility at Kinloss responsible for the co-ordination of all airborne assets deployed in a rescue operation
  • ARV - Armed Response Vehicle
  • ASAR - Airborne Search & Rescue. Use of aircraft and aircrew to locate persons in distress or danger and remove them to a place of relative safety
  • ASLAR - Association of Lowland Search and Rescue. Charitable organisation dedicated to assisting the emergency services in looking for missing persons and to coordinate adequate arrangements for search and rescue in the lowland areas of the UK
  • ASN - Ambulance Service Network
  • ASO - Ambulance Safety Officer
  • Assistance Centre - Any facility (whether physical or virtual) set up during response to and recovery from an emergency to provide a range of assistance to different categories of people affected by the emergency. See also: Family and Friends Reception Centre; Friends and Relatives Reception Centre; Humanitarian Assistance Centre; Public Information Point; Responders Welfare Centre; Rest Centre; Survivor Reception Centre
  • Assisting Council - (Local authority guidance term for) Local council providing mutual aid to an affected council
  • AWE - Atomtic Weapons Establishment
  • Back up - Military or emergency services contingent providing additional support in an operation
  • BASICS - British Association of Immediate Care Schemes. Professional association whose members are volunteer medical practitioners trained and equipped for the pre-hospital care of casualties at the scene of an accident or emergency
  • BC - Business Continuity. Strategic and tactical capability of an organisation to plan for and respond to incidents and business disruptions in order to continue business operations at an acceptable predefined level
  • BCM - Business Continuity Management. Holistic management process that identifies potential threats to an organisation and the impacts to business operations that those threats, if realised, might cause, and which provides a framework for building organisational resilience with the capability for an effective response
  • BCP - Business Continuity Plan. Documented collection of procedures and information developed, compiled and maintained in readiness for use in an incident to enable an organisation to continue to deliver its critical functions at an acceptable predefined level
  • Bellwin Scheme - Discretionary scheme for providing Central Government financial assistance in exceptional circumstances to affected local authorities (e.g. councils, police authorities) in the event of an emergency
  • BIA - Business Impact Analysis. A method of assessing the impacts that might result from an incident and the levels of resources and time required for recovery.
  • Blue Route - A dedicated route for emergency vehicles to access to and egress from the scene of an emergency or major incident.
  • Body viewing area - Area in which family members may view the bodies of people who have died in an emergency
  • BRC - British Red Cross. An organisation that helps people in crisis. It is part of a global voluntary network that responds to conflicts, natural disasters and individual emergencies and then helps people to recover and move on with their lives.
  • Bronze - The tier of command and control within a single agency (below gold level and silver level) at which the management of 'hands-on' work is undertaken at the incident site(s) or associated areas
  • BTP - British Transport Police. The police force providing a policing service to rail operators, their staff and passengers throughout England, Wales and Scotland.
  • C/Insp / CI - Chief Inspector
  • C/Supt - Chief Superintendent
  • CAA - Civil Aviation Authority
  • CAP EPLG - Chemical and Pipelines Emergency Planning Liaison Group. National policy forum chaired by the Health and Safety Executive, including representatives of the Local Government Association and emergency planners
  • Capabilities Programme - A programme to develop a range of capabilities that underpin the UK's resilience to disruptive challenges. These capabilities are categorised as being structural (e.g. local response), functional (e.g. mass casualties) or relating to essential services (e.g. financial services).
  • Capability - A demonstrable ability to respond to and recover from a particular threat or hazard.
  • Capability Gap - The gap between the current ability to provide a response and the actual response assessed to be required for a given threat or hazard. Plans should be made to reduce or eliminate this gap, if the risk justifies it.
  • Capability Status - Assessment of the level of capability in place.
  • Capability Target - The level of capability required by the planning assumptions and elaborated in the capability development plan.
  • CasB - Casualty Bureau. Initial point of contact and information, maintained by the police, for all data relating to casualties
  • CasCS - Casualty Clearing Station. Entity set up at the scene of an emergency by the ambulance service in liaison with the Medical Incident Commander to assess, triage and treat casualties and direct their evacuation
  • Casualty Clearing Officer - Ambulance officer who, in liaison with the Medical Incident Commander, ensures an efficient patient throughput at the Casualty Clearing Station
  • Casualty Clearing Station - CasCS. Entity set up at the scene of an emergency by the ambulance service in liaison with the Medical Incident Commander to assess, triage and treat casualties and direct their evacuation
  • Casualty Form - Document completed in respect of each injured or deceased person and collated in the Casualty Bureau
  • Casualty Information Unit - Element within the Casualty Bureau responsible for the recording of casualty data forwarded by Hospital Documentation Teams
  • Catastrophic Emergency - An emergency which has an exceptionally high and potentially widespread impact and requires immediate central government direction and support.
  • Category 1 responder - A person or body listed in Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Civil Contingencies Act. These bodies are likely to be at the core of the response to most emergencies. As such, they are subject to the full range of civil protection duties in the Act.
  • Category 2 responder - A person or body listed in Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Civil Contingencies Act. These are co-operating responders who are less likely to be involved in the heart of multi-agency planning work, but will be heavily involved in preparing for incidents affecting their sectors. The Act requires them to co-operate and share information with other Category 1 and 2 responders.
  • CBA - Cost Benefit Analysis. Financial technique that measures the cost of implementing a particular solution and compares it with the benefit delivered by that solution
  • CBRNE - Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosives. A term used to describe Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive materials. CBRNE terrorism is the actual or threatened dispersal of CBRN material (either on their own or in combination with each other or with explosives), with deliberate criminal, malicious or murderous intent.
  • CC - Chief Constable professional leader of a police force.
  • CCA - Act of 2004 which established a single framework for Civil Protection in the United Kingdom. Part 1 of the Act establishes a clear set of roles and responsibilities for Local Responders; Part 2 of the Act establishes emergency powers
  • CCC - Civil Contingencies Committee See National Security Council (Threats, Hazards, Resilience and Contingencies)
  • CCGNI - Civil Contingencies Group (Northern Ireland) A pan-Northern Ireland multi-agency forum for the development, discussion and agreement of civil protection policy for the Northern Ireland public services. In addition to its policy role, the CCG(NI) supports strategic co-ordination of emergencies, and during the response to an emergency would support the Crisis Management Group (CMG), supplementing existing lead department arrangements. In circumstances where the CMG is not convened but where cross-cutting strategic management is required the CCG(NI) would fulfil this role.
  • CCO - Casualty Clearing Officer. Ambulance officer who, in liaison with the Medical Incident Commander, ensures an efficient patient throughput at the Casualty Clearing Station
  • CCPB - Civil Contingencies Policy Branch - (In Northern Ireland) Central government organisation responsible for a wide range of policies and activities aimed at promoting the development of civil contingencies arrangements within Northern Ireland public sector to ensure an effective response can be made to assist the public during and in the aftermath of a civil emergency.
  • CE - Chief Executive - professional leader of a service
  • CFO / CO - Chief Fire Officer / Chief Officer professional leader of a fire and rescue service
  • CFOA - Chief Fire Officers' Association. A professional membership association that provides independent advice to government on fire prevention, protection and intervention issues as well as on a wide range of community safety and rescue matters.
  • CHEMET - Chemical Meteorology. Met Office forecasting response service in the event of an emergency atmospheric release of hazardous material anywhere in the UK Numerical Atmospheric Modelling Environment
  • CIA - Community Impact Assessment Procedure to identify the impact a police operation or response may have on communities, including actions necessary to overcome potential negative effects either before or after the deployment of resources, and to specify primacy for community engagement with respect to each element of the operation or response
  • Civil Contingencies - Risks to civilian health, safety, and property from emergencies as defined in the Civil Contingencies Act (2004)
  • Civil Contingencies Secretariat - Cabinet Office Civil Contingencies Secretariat. Cabinet Office secretariat which provides the central focus for the cross-departmental and cross-agency commitment, co-ordination and cooperation that will enable the United Kingdom to deal effectively with disruptive challenges
  • Civil contingency planning - Civil protection provisions made for the preparation and planning of a response to and recovery from emergencies as defined in the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 and Contingency Planning Regulations (2005).
  • Civil protection - Organisation and measures, under governmental or other authority, aimed at preventing, abating or otherwise countering the effects of emergencies for the protection of the civilian population and property
  • CLG - See DCLG
  • Clinical Decontamination - Medical procedure to treat a CONTAMINATED CASUALTY
  • CM - Crew Manager
  • CMG - Crisis Management Group.
  • CMLO - Consequence Management Liaison Officer Member of a Government Liaison Team who advises the Government Liaison Officer on the potential impact of a terrorist incident on the affected population, businesses and the wider community; options for mitigating this impact; and longer-term recovery
  • CMM - Conflict Management Model
  • CMO - Chief Medical Officer. United Kingdom Government's principal medical adviser who additionally acts as the professional head of all medical staff in England. Each of the devolved administrations also has a CMO who acts as the principal medical adviser in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales respectively.
  • CNC - Civil Nuclear Constabulary National specialised armed police service whose role is the protection of civil nuclear sites and nuclear materials.
  • CNI - Critical National Infrastructure A sub-set of critical infrastructure, and describes those elements of critical infrastructure which have been identified by Government as being of strategic national importance to essential service delivery. The loss or compromise of these assets would have a severe, widespread effect, impacting on a national scale.
  • CNPA - Civil Nuclear Police Authority The Authority which oversees but is independent of the Civil Nuclear Constabulary. All members are appointed by the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change.
  • CNR - CFOA National Resilience Ltd Trading company of CFOA responsible for assurance and training of national resilience specialist assets for fire; See CFOA.
  • CO - Cabinet Office. Department of the United Kingdom Government responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet
  • Co-ordination - The integration of multi-agency efforts and available capabilities, which may be interdependent, in order to achieve defined objectives.
  • COBR - Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms. UK Government's dedicated crisis management facilities, which are activated in the event of an emergency requiring support and co-ordination at the national strategic level
  • CoC - Chain of Command
  • Cold Zone - This is the area beyond the inner cordon.
  • COMAH - Control of major accident hazards regulations 2015. Regulations applying to the chemical industry and to some storage sites where threshold quantities of dangerous substances, as identified in the Regulations, are kept or used.
  • Command - The exercise of vested authority, that is associated with a role or rank within an organisation, to give direction in order to achieve defined objectives.
  • Commander - Personnel who, by function or rank, are charged with ensuring the readiness of their teams, forces or organisations to discharge their stated duties and obligations.
  • CONOPS - Concept of Operations The statement of UK Central Government arrangements for responding to an Emergency. A high level description of how a defined system will operate to achieve defined strategic objectives. CONOPS will establish the higher-level framework within which more specific, operational-level plans, protocols and procedures will be developed and implemented.
  • Control - The application of authority, combined with the capability to manage resources, in order to achieve defined objectives.
  • Controlled Area - Area contained by an outer cordon
  • COP - Common Operating Picture. Single display of information collected from and shared by more than one agency or organisation that contributes to a common understanding of a situation and its associated hazards and risks along with the position of resources and other overlays of information that support individual and collective decision making
  • CoP - College of Policing - Formerly NPIA. Professional body for policing.
  • COPFS - Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (Scotland). Body responsible for the prosecution of crime in Scotland, the investigation of sudden or suspicious deaths, and the investigation of complaints against the police
  • COR - Central Operations Room. (In Northern Ireland) Entity that controls the flow of information into and out of the Crisis Management Group and Civil Contingencies Group (Northern Ireland).
  • COSHH - Regulations applying to the control by employers of hazardous substances, including chemicals, products containing chemicals, fumes, dusts, vapours, mists and gases, and biological agents.
  • COSLA - Convention of Scottish Local Authorities. Body representing Scottish local government and acting as the employers' association on behalf of all Scottish councils
  • Cost-recovery basis - A formally agreed situation under which an organisation can charge another organisation for providing a service, to ensure that the providing organisation does not make a financial loss in providing the service. It is usually agreed that no surplus or profit can be made by the organisation providing the service.
  • CPD - Continual Professional Development
  • CPNI - Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure
  • CPRB - Counter Pollution and Response Branch. Body within the Maritime and Coastguard Agency responsible for dealing with pollution at sea, and assisting local authorities with the shoreline clean-up
  • CPSAT - Civil Protection Self Assessment Toolkit A toolkit that allows responders to measure their compliance against the duties of the Civil Contingencies Act, its Regulations and associated Guidance.
  • CRIP - Common Recognised Information Picture. A single, authoritative strategic overview of an emergency or crisis that is developed according to a standard template and is intended for briefing and decision-support purposes.
  • Crisis Management - In Central Government Arrangements for Responding to Emergencies: Concept of Operations crisis management is the implementation of measures that attempt to prevent or avert an imminent emergency, along with work that puts in place protective or other measures to mitigate the effects of an emergency, prevent further damage or disruption and secure the scene.
  • Critical Business Activities - Services or operations which a Local Authority must continue to provide in the event of major disruption
  • Critical Incident - Incident in which the police response is likely to have a significant impact on the confidence of the victim, his/her family and/or the community.
  • Critical Infrastructure - Critical infrastructure is a broad term used to describe Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) and other infrastructure of national significance, as well as infrastructure and assets of local significance (see also CNI)
  • Cross-Border Co-operation - Co-operation between Category 1 and 2 responders across boundaries of Devolved Administrations
  • Cross-Boundary Co-operation - Co-operation between Category 1 and 2 responders across the boundaries between LOCAL RESILIENCE AREAS
  • Crowd Doctor - Medical practitioner, registered with the General Medical Council, who has received training in pre-hospital care and management in relation to an EMERGENCY
  • CRR - Community Risk Register A register communicating the assessment of risks within a Local Resilience Area which is developed and published as a basis for informing local communities and directing civil protection workstreams.
  • Cruse - Charitable organisation offering bereavement counselling, advice and support throughout the UK
  • CSCATTT - Acronym used at major incidents - Command. Safety. Communication. Assessment. Triage. Treatment. Transport
  • CTSA - Counter-terrorism Security Advisor. Police officer who provides advice on preventing and mitigating the effects of acts of terrorism
  • CTSIO - Counter Terrorism Senior Investigating Officer
  • DC - Detective Constable
  • DCC - Deputy Chief Constable
  • DCE - Deputy Chief Executive
  • DCFO - Deputy Chief Fire Officer
  • DCLG - Department for Communities and Local Government
  • DCLG RED - Department for Communities and Local Government, Resilience and Emergencies Division. Act as a conduit for communications between central government and the local level. They are responsible for supporting local response and recovery efforts, and ensuring that there is an accurate picture of the situation in their area.
  • DCMS - Department for Culture Media and Sport
  • DDMM - Dynamic Decision Making Model
  • DEC - District Emergency Centre. Local authority operations centre from which the management and co-ordination of the response to an emergency are carried out
  • DECC - Department for Energy and Climate Change. The Lead Government Department in the event of an emergency at a civil nuclear site in England or Wales. It is also the Lead Government Department for co-ordinating the response to an overseas nuclear emergency.
  • Decontamination Point - The position on the inner cordon at which decontamination is carried out
  • DEFRA - Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. The Lead Government Department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs. Is also responsible for minimising the impact of emergencies on food production, fishing and farming.
  • DEIT - Direct Electronic Instant Transfer Cabinet Office, the Welsh Government and ACPO led pilot into the electronic exchange of incident logs between frontline responders.
  • DEPZ - Detailed Emergency Planning Zone. Area surrounding a nuclear licensed site for which detailed plans for emergencies have been prepared. The area covered by the DEPZ is agreed with the nuclear regulator and is based on the reference accident for that site.
  • DfT - Department for Transport. UK Government Department responsible for transport issues (except where devolved), in particular railway franchising and a range of executive agencies.
  • DfT IRMT - Department for Transport Inspectors of Radioactive Materials Transport. On behalf of the Secretary of State, executes the role of competent authority for the transport of radioactive materials by all modes of transport.
  • DH - Department of Health
  • DIM - Detection, Identification and Monitoring (equipment). Hazardous materials / substances equipment operated by the fire and rescue service. Supplied by the Government as part of the New Dimensions programme.
  • Direction - One of the eight principles outlined in Emergency Response and Recovery. Collectively agreeing clear strategic aims and supporting objectives to enable prioritisation and focus of the response and recovery effort.
  • Disaster - Emergency (usually but not exclusively of natural causes) causing, or threatening to cause, widespread and serious disruption to community life through death, injury, and/or damage to property and/or the environment
  • Disaster cycle - Sequence of four civil protection phases: preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery used in some guidance documents and academic papers. See also Integrated Emergency Management phases
  • Disaster Victim Identification Form - (Interpol) Standard form for use by all Interpol member countries to record and transmit Ante Mortem Data and Post Mortem Data between and within countries
  • DNEO - Defence Nuclear Emergency Organisation. Provides the Ministry of Defence response to an emergency, including one arising through terrorist acts, involving defence nuclear assets.
  • DNSR - Defence Nuclear Safety Regulator. The MOD independent regulator for nuclear and radiological safety and environmental protection in the defence nuclear programme.
  • DoH - Department of Health
  • Downstream - That portion of the river which is farther from the river's source than the reference point
  • DPH - Director of Public Health. A senior Public Health official who provides strategic leadership for health protection, improvement and joint working with social services
  • DRA - Dynamic Risk Assessment. Continuing assessment appraisal, made during an incident or emergency, of the hazards involved in, and the impact of, the response
  • DRH - (Designated) Receiving Hospital. Hospital designated by a Strategic Health Authority as suitable for receiving injured persons from an emergency
  • DSTL - Defence Science and Technology Laboratory. An Agency of the Ministry of Defence (MOD) that exists to supply impartial Scientific and technical research and advice to the MOD and other government departments.
  • DVI - Disaster Victim Identification. The process of gathering evidence relating to bodies or body parts and the cause of death resulting from an emergency or disaster, in order to enable the Identification Commission to identify the deceased
  • EA - Environment Agency. The Environment agency's role is to protect and enhance the environment as a whole in England and Wales. As part of this role, they are also a nuclear regulator in respect of controlling discharges to the environment. An executive non-departmental public body responsible to the Secretary of State for DEFRA
  • EC-RRG - Electronic Communications Resilience & Response Group. Body hosted by the Department for Business Innovation and Skills to plan for risk within the telecommunications sector and to facilitate co-operation in maintaining the national infrastructure in an emergency
  • ECC - Emergency Control Centre. Generic term for a centre for controlling and co-ordinating the response of an organisation to an incident or an emergency
  • ECC (W) - Emergency Co-ordination Centre (Wales). Welsh Government centre co-ordinating a multi-agency response to an emergency and acting as a link between the local level and the Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms
  • ECM - Electronic Counter Measures
  • ECO - Entry Control Officer
  • ECP - Entry Control Point
  • ECT - Evening Civil Twilight. Period between sunset and total darkness, when it is necessary to use artificial light to carry out most activities
  • ECURIE - European Community Urgent Radiological Information Exchange. Process for early notification of overseas nuclear accidents.
  • EDBA - Extended Duration Breathing Apparatus
  • EDD - Explosive Detection Dog
  • EFAS - Emergency Financial Assistance Scheme. Welsh Government counterpart of the Bellwin scheme
  • EHS - Environment and Heritage Service (Northern Ireland). Agency within the Department of the Environment, which takes the lead in advising on, and in implementing, the Government's environmental policy and strategy in Northern Ireland
  • ELS - Enhanced Logistics Support
  • Emergency - An event or situation which threatens serious damage to human welfare in a place in the UK, the environment of a place in the UK, or the security of the UK or of a place in the UK.
  • Emergency Plan - A document or collection of documents that sets out the overall framework for the initiation, management, co-ordination and control of personnel and assets to reduce, control or mitigate the effects of an emergency.
  • Emergency Planning Cycle - A continuous process of assessing the risk of and preparing for emergencies, supported by procedures to keep staff in readiness and to review and validate plans and training, revising them if necessary following emergency exercises or response operations.
  • ENDEX - End of exercise
  • EOD - Explosive Ordnance Disposal. The detection, identification, on-site evaluation, rendering safe, recovery and final disposal of unexploded explosives ordnance. It may also include explosives ordnance which has become hazardous by damage or deterioration.
  • EPC - Emergency Planning College Leading provider of training for emergency preparedness and crisis management, run for and on behalf of the Cabinet Office by Serco
  • EPD - Electronic Personal Dosimeter
  • EPIC - Emergency Procedures Information Centre. Central point, managed by British Airways, for the co-ordination of airline information during an emergency
  • ERLs - Emergency Reference Levels. Quantitative criteria used to plan for the introduction of urgent countermeasures in the event of a nuclear emergency.
  • ERR - Emergency Response and Recovery Guidance
  • ESMCP - Emergency Services Mobile Communications Programme Created by Home Office to establish future requirements for mobile communications.
  • ETSI - European Telecommunications Standards Institute
  • ETV - Emergency Towing Vessel. Ocean going tug employed by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency
  • EU CPM - European Union Civil Protection Mechanism. An EU mechanism to facilitate member state co-operation in civil protection assistance in the event of major emergencies, or in situations with imminent threat of major emergencies.
  • EURATOM - The European Atomic Energy Community. An international organisation which acts in several areas connected with atomic energy, including research, the drawing-up of safety standards, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy
  • EvAP - Evacuation Assembly Point. Building or area on the periphery of an area affected by an emergency, to which evacuees are directed to await transfer to a survivor reception centre or rest centre
  • EvS - Evacuation shelter. Building in an area out of danger providing basic accommodation for up to 48 hours after an emergency.
  • ExclZ - Exclusion zone. Area, usually within the inner cordon, to which access is normally denied to all personnel, including emergency services.
  • ExCon - Exercise Control
  • Exit system - Series of exits at a stadium or sports ground, linked to form a means of passage for spectators
  • FBP - Forward Briefing Point. Site with good views over the area affected by an incident, at which media briefings are conducted
  • FCP - Forward Control Point / Forward Command Post A location near the scene, where the response (by the emergency services) to the scene of an emergency/major incident, is managed. Any service's command and control facility nearest the scene of the incident, responsible for immediate direction, deployment and security. This might be either an Operational / Bronze or Tactical / Silver facility depending on the circumstances of the incident.
  • FDS - Fleet Diving Squadron. RN bomb disposal unit, specialising in underwater Explosives Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
  • FDS - Flexible Duty System
  • FF - Firefighter
  • FFRC - Family and Friends Reception Centre. Assistance centre established by the police to cater for the family and friends of people affected by an emergency.
  • FICCS - Fully Integrated Command and Control System
  • FIM - Force Incident Manager. Tactical role within a Police service when responding to a major or critical incident.
  • Firelink - Tetra-based digital radio communication system used by the fire and rescue services. Provides interoperability between individual fire and rescue services' radio capabilities, as well as interoperability with other blue light services
  • Flash fire - The burning of a flammable vapour cloud at very low flame propagation speed
  • FLC - Family Liaison Co-ordinator Police officer responsible for directing and supporting the Family Liaison Officers and acting as a liaison point for other agencies that may be able to assist with the family needs.
  • FLO - Family Liaison Officer. Police officer designated to facilitate an investigation into people believed to be missing and to assist identification by collecting ante-mortem data
  • FMA - Forward Medical Advisor
  • FMBP - Forward Media Briefing Point Site with good views over the area affected by an incident, at which media briefings are conducted.
  • Focal point - (Local authority guidance term for) Designated location within a local authority organisation to which and through which all supporting resources are directed and managed
  • FRS - Abbreviation for a Fire & Rescue Service
  • FRSNCA - Fire and Rescue National Resilience Capability Assessment working group A DCLG working group to assess whether levels of FRS capability continue to meet national resilience requirements.
  • FRSNCC - Fire and Rescue Service National Co-ordinating Centre. A capability to deploy and co-ordinate fire & rescue services resources in response to single or multiple large scale incidents.
  • FSA - Food Standards Agency A non-ministerial Government department which acts to protect the public's health and consumer interests in relation to food. If necessary, can issue food restriction orders under the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 (FEPA).
  • FSC - Fire Service College
  • GCHQ - Government Communications Headquarters
  • GCN - Government Communications Network A virtual community of professional communicators working in government.
  • GDS - Government Decontamination Service. DEFRA agency responsible for providing advice and guidance to responsible authorities on CBRN or HAZMAT related decontamination issues.
  • GIS - Geographical Information System. Computer based system that supports the capture, management, analysis and modelling of geographically referenced data.
  • GLO - Government Liaison Officer. The lead member of the Government Liaison Team - in a non-terrorist emergency, an official from the Department of Communities and Local Government Resilience and Emergencies Division; in a terrorist emergency a Home Office official.
  • GLT - Government Liaison Team. Central government, multidisciplinary team, led by the Government Liaison Officer, dispatched to the site of an emergency to facilitate communication and co-operation between the government and local responders.
  • GM - Group Manager
  • GMDSS - Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. Internationally agreed set of safety procedures, types of equipment, and communication protocols used to increase safety and make it easier to rescue distressed ships, boats and aircraft.
  • GOLD - The strategic level of command and control (above Silver level and Bronze level) at which policy, strategy and the overall response framework are established and managed for individual responder agencies. Note: the Strategic Co-ordinating Group, the multi-agency strategic co-ordinating body, may colloquially be referred to as the Gold Group or Gold Command, but not simply as Gold.
  • GSZ - Government Security Zone
  • GTA - Government Technical Advisor A senior official, usually from HSE's Nuclear Directorate who attends the Strategic Co-ordination Centre to provide independent and authoritative advice to the police and other authorities handling the off-site response to a nuclear emergency.
  • GTPS - Government Telephone Preference Scheme. Scheme under which registered telephone numbers would still be able to make calls when all other users have been barred from the public network in extremis during an emergency.
  • HAADR - Holding and Audit Area for Deceased People and Human Remains. Area close to the scene where the deceased can be temporarily held until transfer to the emergency mortuary or mortuary.
  • HAC - Humanitarian Assistance Centre. Assistance centre established during the first 72 hours of an emergency to cater for the medium and longer term needs of people affected by an emergency.
  • HALO - Hospital Ambulance Liaison Officer
  • HART - Hazardous Area Response Team Specially recruited and trained personnel who provide the ambulance response to major incidents involving hazardous materials, or which present hazardous environments, that have occurred as a result of an accident or have been caused deliberately.
  • HAZMAT - Hazardous material Abbreviation for hazardous materials although it is commonly used in relation to procedures, equipment and incidents involving hazardous materials.
  • HCEAR - High Capacity Emergency Access Route. Special road route designated for people who self- evacuate in private vehicles, and for the expedient access of emergency services vehicles.
  • HEMS - Helicopter Emergency Medical Service. National network of air ambulances.
  • HEOC - Health Emergency Operating Centre. Permanent NHS ambulance trust facilities for receiving emergency and non-emergency calls and controlling and co-ordinating resources.
  • HITS - High Integrity Telecommunications System A hybrid satellite/terrestrial -based communications system that is designed to provide a resilient communications backbone between crisis management centres across the UK. Note: HITS is designed to remain available in the event of loss of all or part of the Public Switched Telephone Network. The HITS network is comprised of fixed site installations and a number of transportable satellite terminals capable of being deployed to pre-identified fallback locations.
  • HMCG - Her Majesty's Coastguard Body within the Maritime and Coastguard Agency responsible for initiating and co-ordinating civil maritime search and rescue within the united kingdom search and rescue region.
  • HMG - Her Majesty's Government
  • HMT - Her Majesty's Treasury
  • HO - Home Office The Home Office is the lead government department for immigration and passports, drugs policy, counter-terrorism and policing.
  • HOLMES - Home Office Large Major Enquiry System
  • HOSTYD - Hollow Spike Tyre Deflation
  • Hot zone - Zone of the highest level of contamination. Note: only personnel in appropriate PPE may enter this zone (following a dynamic risk assessment.)
  • HPA - Superseded by Public Health England
  • Public Health England - The single public health body in England that aims to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities.
  • HPA CRCE - Health Protection Agency Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards. A specialist centre of HPA which deals with radiation and chemical hazards and threats.
  • HPS - Health Protection Scotland Established by the Scottish Government to strengthen and co-ordinate health protection in Scotland.
  • HQDNEO - MOD Headquarters Defence Nuclear Emergency Organisation Provides advice on MOD on MOD operational policy and military advice to the Government crisis management organisation following an emergency, including one arising through terrorist acts, involving Defence nuclear assets.
  • HSE - Health & Safety Executive The Health and Safety Commission (HSC) and the HSE are responsible for the regulation of almost all the risks to health and safety arising from work activity in Great Britain.
  • HSL Data Interoperability Research project - OSCT funded research project to review current data and communications systems to identify barriers and best practice to multi-agency interoperability
  • IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency The IAEA is the worlds centre of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up as the worlds "Atoms for Peace" organization in 1957 within the United Nations family. The Agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies.
  • IAG - Independent Advisory Group
  • IBIS - Interim Bronze Interoperability Solution
  • IC - Incident Commander The nominated emergency services officer with overall responsibility for tactics and resource management at the tactical level. Note: usually specific to each service. At multi-agency incidents, there may be an incident commander for each service, and to avoid confusion it would be beneficial if the commanders referred to themselves as the silver commander for their service.
  • ICCS - Integrated Command and Control System
  • ICP - Incident Control Post (Scotland only)
  • ICRP - International Commission on Radiological Protection An advisory body providing recommendations and guidance on radiation protection
  • Identification Commission - Body responsible for supervising and directing the identification process, and to determine the identity of the deceased to the satisfaction of HM Coroner
  • IED - Improvised Explosive Device A device placed or fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy, incapacitate, harass or distract. It may incorporate military stores, but is normally devised from non-military components.
  • IEDD - Improvised Explosive Device Disposal
  • IEM - Integrated Emergency Management. Multi-agency approach to emergency management entailing six key activities - anticipation,assessment, prevention, preparation, response and recovery.
  • IIMARC(H) - Acronym used in briefing Information Intention Method Administration Risk assessment Communication Human rights compliance
  • ILO - Incident Liaison Officer. A local authority officer at the Incident Control Point who provides a direct link between local authority emergency control centres and the Tactical Co-ordinating Group.
  • IMG - Impact Management Group. Sub-group in the Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms (COBR). Normally chaired by the Cabinet Office and comprising representatives of other departments and agencies involved in consequence management.
  • INCC - Interim National Coordination Centre a Fire & Rescue Service asset
  • Incident care team - A team of specially trained individuals provided by train operating companies to provide care and support to those directly affected by a railway incident.
  • INES - International Nuclear & Radiological Event Scale A tool for promptly communicating to the public in consistent terms the safety significance of reported nuclear and radiological incidents and accidents.
  • Inner cordon - Cordon established to secure the immediate scene and provide a measure of protection for personnel working within the area
  • Insp/PI - Inspector / Police Inspector
  • Interoperability - The extent to which organisations can work together coherently as a matter of routine.
  • IOR - Initial Operational Response (CBRNe)
  • IPCC - Independent Police Complaints Commission
  • IRT - Incident Response Team scientific analysis team deployed by Dstl or AWE
  • IRU - Incident Response Unit. Mass decontamination vehicle operated by the fire and rescue service on behalf of the health authority. Supplied by the government as part of the new dimension programme.
  • IRV - Incident Response Vehicle
  • ISU - Incident Support Unit
  • IT - Information Technology
  • JDM - Joint Decision Model (as defined in the JESIP Joint Doctrine: the interoperability framework)
  • JESCC - Joint Emergency Services Control Centre In London Body comprising of the incident control points grouped together.
  • JESIP - Joint Emergency Services Interoperability Programme Two year programme aiming to improve the way in which the three blue light services work together at major and complex incidents.
  • Joint Learning - The identification of lessons from exercises or operations that are relevant to joint working and the process of effecting and embedding change in organisations and behaviours in response to those lessons.
  • Joint Service Co-ordination Group - Military body responsible for formal liaison (civil-military and tri-Service) within an Army Regional Brigade's area
  • Joint Working - A number of organisations working together on a course, or courses of action, to achieve agreed emergency response objectives.
  • JOP - Joint Operating Protocols
  • JRLO - Joint Regional Liaison Officer. Officer of the Ministry of Defence (MOD) providing liaison between local or regional civil Emergency Control Centres and the MOD's United Kingdom command structure.
  • JTAC - Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre
  • LA - Local Authority
  • Large scale evacuation - Evacuation of between 25,000 and 100,000 people from a place of danger to a place of relative safety
  • LEC - Local Emergency Centre Purpose-designed and equipped control centre for the co-ordination of the RESPONSE to a nuclear EMERGENCY emanating from a civil nuclear power station.
  • LESLP - London Emergency Services Liaison Panel
  • Level of emergency - Cabinet Office (2010) Central Government Arrangements for Responding to an Emergency defines three levels of emergency of national significance. These are, in descending order of magnitude, catastrophic emergency (Level 3); serious emergency (Level 2); significant emergency (Level 1). Below the national level there is a further category, local emergency, the response to which is conducted by local responders, where necessary in conjunction with local government. Note: in the case of a catastrophic or serious emergency, central government provides direction; in a significant emergency the central government provides support and nominates a lead government department.
  • LFB - London Fire Brigade
  • LFB EP - London Fire Brigade Emergency Planning
  • LGD - Lead Government Department Department of the United Kingdom government or devolved administration designated as responsible for overall management of the government response to an emergency or disaster. There are LGDs identified for both the response and recovery phases of emergencies.
  • LLACC - London Local Authority Co-ordination Centre
  • LLWR - Low Level Waste Repository. National facility for the disposal of low level radioactive waste.
  • LOE - Limits of Exploitation
  • LONDIS T - London District - military regional command for London
  • LRA - Local Resilience Area Area within which category 1 and 2 responders co-operate through the mechanism of a Local Resilience Forum.
  • LRAG - Local Risk Assessment Guidance A document provided by central government with information on generic hazards and threats to assist Category 1 responders in performing their local risk assessment duty under the Civil Contingencies Act.
  • LRF - Local Resilience Forum Process for bringing together all the category 1 and 2 responders within a police force area for the purpose of facilitating co-operation in fulfilment of their duties under the Civil Contingencies Act.
  • LRF Exercising - Tests response and contingency plans for emergencies, across the NRA spectrum, within specific LRF areas
  • LTT - Lines to take
  • LUCC - London Underground Control Centre
  • LUL - London Underground Ltd.
  • MA - Medical Advisor
  • MAAUG - Multi Agency Airwave User Group
  • MACA - Military Aid to the Civil Authorities Any category of assistance provided by the Ministry of Defence to the civil authorities.
  • MACC - Military Aid to the Civil Community Assistance provided by Ministry of Defence personnel under 3 categories: in an emergency; for projects and events; in social services (by volunteers).
  • MACP - Military Aid to the Civil Power Military assistance in the maintenance of law and order, in situations beyond the capacity of the civil power, normally involving specialist capabilities or equipment, including counter terrorism and non counter terrorism explosive ordnance disposal.
  • MAESU - Multi Agency Emergency Service Unit (West Mids) This unit was established to increase joint working in West Mids. Includes reps from each service who meet officially each week and work from the same location at other times as well
  • MAGD - Military Aid to Government Departments Assistance provided by Ministry of Defence for the maintenance of essential supplies in a national emergency.
  • MAGIC - Multi Agency Joint Incident Command Programme Three day multi agency training course for gold commanders.
  • MAHP - Major Accident Hazard Pipeline(s) Supply systems for dangerous fluids as defined in schedule 2 of Pipeline Safety Regulations, which include high pressure natural gas, other gases, oils and chemicals .
  • Major Incident - Event or situation requiring a response under one or more of the emergency services' major incident plans.
  • MASHA - Multi-Agency Strategic Holding Area A pre-identified space which is large enough to accommodate and coordinate the command and logistical support structures of all emergency services and agencies required for a national response to an emergency.
  • Mass evacuation - Evacuation of a large number of people (100,000+) from a place of danger to a place of relative safety.
  • Mass Fatality Co-ordination Team - Team comprising: Incident Coroner; Coroner of Disaster Mortuary (if different); SIO (or deputy); SIM (or deputy); Supervising Pathologist; Local Authority Mortuary Manager; and a representative of the London Resilience Team.
  • MBC - Media Briefing Centre Central location for media enquiries, staffed by spokespeople from the major responders, providing communication links and briefing facilities.
  • MCA - Maritime and Coastguard Agency Executive agency of the Department for Transport, comprising Her Majesty's Coastguard and the former Marine Safety Agency.
  • MCI - Mass casualty incident An incident (or series of incidents) causing casualties on a scale that is beyond the normal resources of the emergency services Note: the term mass casualty denotes a major incident potentially involving hundreds of casualties, or more.
  • MCV - Mobile Control Vehicle
  • MDPGA - Ministry of Defence Police and Guarding Agency The Agency incorporating the two main physical security services within the MOD: i) the uniformed MOD Guard Service, and ii) the statutory MOD Police Force.
  • MDT - Mobile Data Terminal
  • Medevac - Abbreviation for Medical Evacuation (of casualties by air)
  • Medium scale evacuation - Evacuation of between 1,000 to 25,000 people from a place of danger to a place of relative safety
  • MEF - Media Emergency Forum Ad hoc group of senior media editors, government representatives, local authority emergency planners, emergency services, police and the private sector set up to consider the provision of information to the public, and other media issues, in the context of civil emergencies.
  • MERIT - Medical Emergency Response Incident Team Team of appropriately trained and equipped medical and/or nursing staff provided by a local acute trust or foundation trust hospital to attend the scene of an emergency.
  • METHANE - Major emergency. Exact location. Type of incident. Hazards Access. Number of casualties. Emergency services Specified by JESIP as consistent method of sharing incident information.
  • MIC - Medical Incident Commander Lead medical officer responsible for clinical management at the scene of an emergency.
  • MIRG - Maritime Incident Response Group. Specialist fire and rescue service teams strategically located around the country, for response to emergencies at sea.
  • Misper - Missing Person
  • MLO - Military Liaison Officer Officer appointed by the regional military headquarters to act as the point of contact within a civilian authority's command and control structure.
  • MLO - Media Liaison Officer Representative who has responsibility for liaising with the media on behalf of his/her organisation.
  • MLP - Media Liaison Point Area adjacent to the scene, staffed by Media Liaison Officers, for the reception and accreditation of media personnel and for briefing on reporting, filming and photographing.
  • MoU - Memorandum of Understanding
  • MPA - Maritime Patrol Aircraft Long range military aircraft for detecting, locating, tracking, observing and, if necessary, attacking surface vessels and submarines .
  • MPS - Metropolitan Police Service
  • MRC - Marine Response Centre Maritime and Coastguard Agency co-ordination centre for oil pollution incidents at sea that require a national response.
  • MRCC - Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre Her Majesty's Coastguard regional centre overseeing and co-ordinating the search and rescue operations within a region.
  • MSI - Maritime Safety Information Internationally agreed system for promulgating information on weather, sea conditions and navigational hazards.
  • MTB - Media Technical Briefer Provided by the nuclear site operator to provide input to press conferences and media briefings ahead of the Government Technical Advisor's arrival.
  • MTFA - Marauding Terrorist Firearms Attack
  • MTPAS - Mobile Telecommunications Privileged Access Scheme Scheme that provides call preference for key emergency management organisations if public network access is restricted.
  • Multi-Agency Interoperability Programme - Hosted by the NPIA, between June 2007 and March 2011. Focussed on multi-agency voice communication and co-ordination.
  • NABIS - National Ballistics Intelligence Service
  • NaCTSO - National Counter Terrorism Security Office
  • NAFIS - National Automated Fingerprint Intelligence System
  • NAIR - National Arrangements for Incidents Involving Radioactivity A National advice scheme coordinated by Health Protection Agency to provide advice and assistance to the emergency services with incidents involving radioactivity where no formal contingency plans exist.
  • NAME - Numerical Atmospheric Modelling Environment The Met Office's atmospheric dispersion model used to provide predictions of the spread of airborne radioactivity or other hazardous materials.
  • NARO - Nuclear Accident Response Organisation Ministry of Defence (MOD) agency responsible for response to an accident or incident, including one arising through terrorist acts, involving defence nuclear assets.
  • NARU - National Ambulance Resilience Unit
  • National CT Exercises Programme (OSCT) - Comprises three national-level exercises each year. Engages Forces within particular regions to work together with central government structures
  • NCC - News Co-ordination Centre A Cabinet Office unit working with the Lead Government Department to provide co-ordinating media and public communications support during an emergency.
  • NCS - National Capabilities Survey. An anonymous, biennial survey of category 1 and 2 responders and LRFs with the objectives of enabling local responders to compare themselves anonymously to similar organisations; and the assurance of capability workstreams.
  • NEAF - Nuclear Emergency Arrangements Forum A forum where the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate (NII) and the nuclear site operators meet to discuss planning, operations and regulatory issues on emergency arrangements.
  • NEBR - Nuclear Emergency Briefing Room A DECC facility to brief the government following declaration of an Off-site Nuclear Emergency.
  • NEMA - National Emergency Mortuary Arrangements Private sector capability (under contract to the Home Office) that can be deployed anywhere within the UK to establish an emergency mortuary with the capacity to deal with large numbers of fatalities.
  • NEPLG - Nuclear Emergency Planning Liaison Group A Forum which brings together, under Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) chairmanship, a wide range of organisation with interest in off-site planning for an emergency at civil and defence nuclear sites.
  • New Dimension Programme - Part of the Government's Civil Contingencies Capability Programme. The aim being to enhance preparedness and resilience in England and Wales by improving the capability of the Fire and Rescue Service to respond to Major and Catastrophic incidents. The New Dimensions Programme provided specialist equipment for the fire and rescue service. (Note: Equipment often referred to as New Dimensions kit.)
  • NGO - Non-governmental organisation Private organisation dedicated to pro-social activities such as the relief of suffering and poverty, protection of the environment and community development.
  • NHS - National Health Service
  • NICCMA - Northern Ireland Central Crisis Management Arrangements Central facility to support the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in providing strategic direction following a serious terrorist incident in Northern Ireland.
  • NILO - National Inter-agency Liaison Officer A Fire and Rescue Service officer who can advise and support Incident Commanders, Police, Medical, Military and other Government Agencies on the organisation's operational capacity and capability to reduce risk and safely resolve incidents at where an attendance may be required. This will include major incidents, public order, domestic or any other situation that would benefit from the attendance of the ILO.
  • NIOBR - Northern Ireland Office Briefing Room Central facility to support the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in providing strategic direction following a serious terrorist incident in Northern Ireland.
  • NITAG - Northern Ireland Technical Advisory Group Group convened to provide scientific and technical advice in response to emergencies.
  • NOCC - National Olympic Control Centre
  • NoK - Next of Kin
  • NOMS - National Offender Management Service
  • NPAS - National Police Air Service project Co-ordination of air assets within the police service.
  • NPIA - National Policing Improvement Agency see College of Policing
  • NPoCC - National Police Coordination Centre (formerly PNICC) (See NPoCC)
  • NRA - National Risk Assessment The full and classified assessment of the likelihood and potential impact of a range of different risks that might directly affect the UK.
  • NRE - National Resilience Extranet Secure web based infrastructure to enable multi-agency information sharing and which has a specific information function during emergency response and recovery.
  • NRR - National Risk Register A publically available statement of the assessment of the likelihood and potential impact of a range of different risks that might directly affect the UK.
  • NSC - National Security Council A coordinating body, chaired by the Prime Minister, to integrate the work of the foreign, defence, home, energy and international development departments, and all other arms of government contributing to national security.
  • NSC (THRC)(O) - National Security Council,Sub Committee on Threats, Hazards, Resilience and Contingencies (Officials) An officials sub committee of the National Security Council, which will come together in both policy and crisis response modes.
  • NSCWIP - National Steering Committee on Warning and Informing the Public UK's primary independent advisory group on warning and informing the public Note: created in 1997 to provide advice and guidance to central and regional government and emergency managers in implementing the Communicating with the Public duty.
  • NSS - National Security Secretariat within the Cabinet Office.
  • NSY - New Scotland Yard
  • NVASEC - National Voluntary aid Society Emergency Committee UK-wide forum, responsible to the secretary of state, for addressing Voluntary Sector matters in relation to national integrated contingency planning.
  • OCNS - Office for Civil Nuclear Security The security regulator for the UK's Civil Nuclear Industry. Part of the HSE's Nuclear Directorate.
  • OGD - Other Government Department
  • Operational Commander - The operational level of the emergency services command and control
  • ORR - Office of Rail Regulation The regulatory authority for health and safety on the railways. It enforces health and safety at work and on the railways, both the general requirements that apply to all work activities and specific law relating to railway operations.
  • OS - Ordnance Survey
  • OSCT - Office for Security and Counter Terrorism Part of the Home Office with responsibility for counter-terrorism, OSCT provides strategic direction and co-ordination in the UK's work to counter the threat from international terrorism.
  • OSSTET - Olympic Safety and Security Testing and Exercising Team
  • Outer cordon - Cordon established around the vicinity of an incident, and encompassing the inner cordon, to control access to a wider area around the scene,to allow the emergency services and other agencies to work unhindered and in privacy.
  • PBIED - Person Borne Improvised Explosive Devices
  • PC - Police Constable
  • PCC - Police & Crime Commissioner
  • PCT - Primary Care Trust Local organisation within the National Health service responsible for the first point of consultation for all patients seeking healthcare.
  • PDA - Personal Digital Assistant
  • PDA - Pre-Determined Attendance
  • Personal Data - Data which relates to a living individual or group who can be identified from the data and includes any expression of opinion about the individual and any indications of intentions in respect of the individual.
  • PHE - Public Health England
  • PIP - Public Information Point. Location providing access to information for members of the public during an emergency
  • Place of Reasonable Safety - Place within a building or structure where, for a limited period of time, people have some protection from the effects of fire and smoke.
  • PMR - Private Mobile Radio
  • PN-CBRNE-C - Police National CBRNE Centre
  • PNC - Police National Computer
  • PNICC - ACPO Police National Information Co-ordination Centre Police facility for England, Wales and Northern Ireland to co-ordinate the deployment and management of Police resources in response to complex or large scale operations, whether pre-planned or in response to a major incident. PNICC will both co-ordinate the provision of mutual aid between forces and provide a facility to manage the flow of information between forces and with Central Government.
  • PNMP - Police National Mobilisation Plan
  • PolSA - Police Search Advisor
  • PPE - Personal Protective Equipment Protective clothing, helmets, goggles or other garment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury.
  • PSNI - Police Service for Northern Ireland
  • PSU - Police Support Unit
  • PTSD - Post(-) traumatic Stress Disorder The most destructive form of stress. Comes about as a direct result of unresolved critical incident stress and typically requires mental health intervention to overcome it.
  • RADSAFE - A company limited by guarantee that offers mutual assistance in the event of a transport accident involving radioactive materials belonging to a RADSAFE member.
  • RAG - Recovery Advisory Group Provides advice on recovery considerations arising from a nuclear emergency to the Strategic Co-ordinating Group during the response/acute phase.
  • RAIB - Rail Accident Investigation Branch The independent railway accident investigation organisation for the UK. It investigates railway accidents on the UK's railways to improve safety.
  • Rapid Onset Emergency - An emergency which develops quickly and usually with immediate effects, thereby limiting the time available to consider response options.
  • Raynet - Radio Amateurs' Emergency Network Nationwide voluntary group which can provide radio communications during an emergency.
  • RC - Rest Centre Building which could include overnight facilities, designated by the local authority for the temporary accommodation of evacuees.
  • RCCC - Regional Civil Contingencies Committee
  • RCG - Recovery Co-ordinating Group Strategic decision making body for the recovery phase once handover has taken place from the police.
  • RDS - Retained Duty System
  • RDsPH - Regional Directors of Public Health Oversees Chief Executives of Strategic Health Authorities.
  • RED DCLG-RED - Resilience and Emergencies Directorate (formerly Local Government Office) See Department for Communities and Local Government, Resilience and Emergencies Division.
  • RESA - Royal Engineer Search Advisor Officer or SNCO who commands a REST
  • REST - Royal Engineer Search Team
  • RIC - Rail Incident Commander Strategic level commander appointed by Network Rail for incidents involving infrastructure controlled by Network Rail.
  • RIMNET - Radioactive Incident Monitoring Network The national radiation monitoring and nuclear emergency response system.
  • RIO - Railways Incident Officer Representative of the railways sent to the site of an incident involving or impacting on the railways
  • Rising tide emergency - Event or a situation that develops into an emergency or major incident over a period of days, weeks or even months (such as health pandemic, flooding, industrial action), the final impact of which may not be apparent early on (in contrast to rapid onset emergency).
  • RLC - Royal Logistic Corps
  • RM - Royal Marines
  • RMEF - Regional Media Emergency Forum Group of representatives from the media, government, emergency services and other organizations involved in dealing with an emergency, to facilitate communication during the response.
  • RN - Royal Navy
  • RNC - Regional Nominated Co-ordinator Central government appointee responsible for facilitating the regional co-ordination of activities under the emergency powers in line with the governmental response strategy and objectives.
  • ROCC - Regional Operational Coordinating Centre
  • RPE - Respiratory Protective Equipment Designed to protect workers from dusts, fumes, vapours or gases.
  • RRF - Regional Resilience Forum
  • RvP - Rendezvous point Point to which all resources arriving at the outer cordon are directed for logging, briefing, equipment issue and deployment.
  • RVS - Royal Voluntary Service formerly Women's Royal Voluntary Service
  • RWC - Responders' Welfare Centre Assistance centre for those responding to a prolonged emergency.
  • SA - Situational Awareness The state of individual and/or collective knowledge relating to past and current events, their implications and potential future developments. Note: the process of building situational awareness involves perception, comprehension, evaluation and future projection; achieving a common position within groups necessitates transparency around, for example, the concepts, assumptions, language and frameworks used to build individual situational awareness.
  • SACP - Single Access Control Point. Controlled point through which essential personnel may gain access through the inner cordon
  • SADCHALETS - Police Acronym used when dealing with major incidents. Survey. Assess. Disseminate. Casualties. Hazards. Access. Location. Emergency services. Type. Start logging
  • SAG - Safety Advisory Group Multi-agency group set up to provide advice on safety matters for a specific event, or events, such as a major sporting event or a concert held in a stadium.
  • SAGE - Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies Group of scientific and technical experts that is established to provide a common source of advice to inform decisions made during the central government response to an emergency.
  • SAR - Search and Rescue Use of specialised personnel and equipment to locate persons in distress or in danger and remove them from a place of actual or potential danger to a place of relative safety.
  • SARDA - Search and Rescue Dog Association Registered charity which oversees the training of dogs used by the various search & rescue capabilities.
  • SC - Security Cleared
  • SCC - Strategic Coordination Centre The location at which the Strategic Co-ordinating Group meets.
  • SCG - Strategic Coordinating Group In Scotland Strategic Co-ordinating Groups are the principal local forum for multi-agency cooperation in civil protection. The groups have a role in both preparation and response to emergencies.
  • ScoRDS - Scottish Government Resilience Development Service A Scottish Government service that supports the resilience community by providing learning and development to enhance the knowledge, skills and behaviours required for effective multi agency emergency planning, response and recovery.
  • SCU - Salvage Control Unit Body established by the Secretary of State's Representative in marine salvage incidents in order to provide support for any action related to vessel(s) that is necessary to save life and protect the environment.
  • Sensitive Personal Data - Personal data consisting of information as to (including but not exclusively): race/ ethnic origin, religious beliefs, physical or mental health and commission or alleged commission of any offence.
  • SEPA - Scottish Environment Protection Agency
  • SGLO - Scottish Government Liaison Officer
  • SGoRR - Scottish Government Resilience Room A coordination facility of the Scottish Government that is activated in cases of national emergency or crisis, or during international events with major implications for Scotland.
  • Sgt/PS - Sergeant / Police Sergeant
  • SHA - Strategic Holding Area A pre-defined location providing sufficient space and facilities for the reception and co-ordination of mutual aid and other supporting resources at major incidents. Note: SHAs should provide an area where resources can standby or rest whilst awaiting deployment to an incident.
  • SHA - Strategic Health Authority
  • Silver - The tactical tier of command and control within a single agency (below Gold level and above Bronze level) at which the response to an emergency is managed Note: multi-agency co-ordination at the tactical level is undertaken by the Tactical Co-ordinating Group.
  • Silver Command - Individual with responsibility of the incident at Silver (tactical) tier
  • SIM - Senior Identification Manager Police officer appointed by the senior police officer to manage and co-ordinate all aspects concerning the identification of the deceased in support of HM Coroner or (in Scotland) the procurator fiscal.
  • SIO - Senior Investigating Office Detective officer appointed to assume responsibility for all aspects of a police investigation.
  • SIS - Secret Intelligence Service
  • Sit Cell - Central Situation Cell. Unit within the Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms responsible for collating information from multiple sources to create the national Common Recognised Information Picture
  • SiteIO - Site Incident Officer Representative from the affected organisation, when an incident occurs within the perimeter of an industrial or commercial establishment, public venue, airport or harbour, to liaise with the emergency management structures.
  • SitRep - Situation Report Report produced by an officer or body, outlining the current state and potential development of an incident and the response to it.
  • SJC (UK) - Standing Joint Command (UK)
  • SM - Station Manager
  • SMAC - Strategic Media Advisory Cell Multi-agency group set up within the Strategic Co-ordination Centre to ensure consistent communication is delivered by all agencies. Brings together media representatives of the key organisations involved in the response to the emergency and liaises with the main incident press office. Led by the Police Strategic Media Advisor during the acute phase, and the Local Authority Press Officer in the recovery phase.
  • SMC - Search and Rescue Mission Co-ordinator Maritime and Coastguard Agency officer assigned to co-ordinate the response to an actual or apparent maritime incident.
  • SME - Subject Matter Experts
  • SO1 - Metropolitan Police Specialist Protection Department
  • SO15 or CTC - Metropolitan Police's Counter Terrorism Command
  • SO18 - Metropolitan Police's SO18 unit is responsible for policing at Heathrow Airport
  • SOP - Spontaneous Incident. Incident in relation to which the police have not had prior warning or notification to develop strategies, tactics and contingency plans (in contrast to pre-planned incident)
  • SOSREP - Secretary of State's Representative On behalf of the secretary of state for the department of Transport SOSREP is tasked to oversee, control and if necessary intervene and exercise ultimate command and control, acting in the overriding interest of the United Kingdom in salvage operations within UK waters involving vessels or fixed platforms where there is significant risk of pollution.
  • SPICC - Scottish Police Information Coordination Centre
  • SPOC - Single Point of Contact
  • SRC - Shoreline Response Centre A single co-ordination centre established by the local authority most affected by a marine pollution incident and supported by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency.
  • SRO - Senior Responsible Owner
  • STAC - Science and Technical Advice Cell. Group of technical experts from those agencies involved in an emergency response that may provide scientific and technical advice to the Strategic Co-ordinating Group chair or single service gold commander.
  • STEP123 - Safety triggers for emergency personnel
  • Strategic Commander - The strategic level of the emergency services command and control
  • Supt - Superintendent
  • SuRC - Survivor Reception Centre Assistance centre in which survivors not requiring acute hospital treatment can be taken for short-term shelter and first aid.
  • TA - Tactical Advisor A specifically trainer advisor who can advise on specialist capabilities including the implications and tactical options to help commanders make decisions when dealing with incidents and emergencies.
  • TacAd - Tactical Advisor
  • Tactical - Level (below strategic level and above operational level) at which the response to an emergency is managed 1 The terms tactical and Silver are frequently used interchangeably for single agency operations. Tactical and operational are inverted in military usage
  • Tactical Commander - The tactical level of the emergency services command and control
  • Talkgroups - Airwave communications channels
  • TCC - Technical Co-ordination Centre response centre whose role is to provide technical and scientific advice to support the response to an overseas nuclear accident. Normally chaired by DECC but this role can be delegated if appropriate, depending on the issues to be discussed.
  • TCG - Tactical Coordinating Group A multi-agency group of tactical commanders that meets to determine, co-ordinate and deliver the tactical response to an emergency. Note: the TCG may also be known as the Silver Group.
  • TETRA - TErrestrial Trunked Radio (standard of ETSI) Common platform to facilitate interoperability for voice communication and some data exchange. Terrestrial Trunked RAdio is the accepted digital radio standards for critical voice and narrowband data. The UK's Airwave radio system is based on the TETRA standards managed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).
  • TfL - Transport for London Organisation responsible for most transport in London. It is accountable to the Mayor and responsible for delivering the Mayor's Transport Strategy.
  • TNA - Training Needs Analysis
  • TOC - Train Operating Company An organisation which operates passenger trains.
  • TOPS - Total Operations Processing System A computer management system which tracks the position and status of traction units and rolling stock.
  • Traffic cordon -
  • TRANSEC - Transport Security and Contingencies Supplementary cordon around the outer cordon to control internal traffic access for emergency and other vehicles
  • TRTS - Triage Revised Trauma Score
  • UDT - Unarmed Defence Tactics
  • Upstream - That portion of the river which is closer to the river's source than the reference point
  • USAR - Urban Search & Rescue
  • VBIED - Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device An IED that is delivered in a vehicle. This method may have been chosen for a combination of factors including the ability to deliver a greater mass, more quickly and with a lower chance of detection. As well as the device itself, glass and metal of the vehicle will create shrapnel hazards. There is no lower limit to the weight of explosives needed for classification as a VBIED. contribution to United Kingdom civil protection.
  • VSCPF - Voluntary Sector Civil Protection Forum Body hosted and facilitated by the Civil Contingencies Secretariat and the British Red Cross, with the aim of identifying and maximising the voluntary sector contribution to UK civil protection arrangements. The forum contains representatives from the voluntary sector, central government, statutory authorities and professional associations.
  • VSI - Very Seriously Injured
  • VTC - Video Teleconference
  • Warm zone - In this zone some cross contamination from the Hot Zone is to be expected. The level of PPE will need to be determined on the basis of dynamic risk assessment.
  • WBRG - Welsh Borders Resilience Group
  • WCCC - Wales Civil Contingencies Committee Multi-agency group, including representatives from the Welsh Government, emergency services, local authorities, and others as applicable, convened as required to co-ordinate multiple strategic co-ordinating groups across Wales, in order to improve the co-ordination of the response to an emergency with a particular focus on consequence management and the recovery phase.
  • WEC - Wales Emergency Co-ordinator Central government appointee responsible for facilitating the co-ordination in Wales of activities under the emergency powers in line with the governmental response strategy and objectives.
  • WGLO - Welsh Government Liaison Officer
  • WM - Watch Manager
  • WRVS - Women's Royal Voluntary Service see RVS A major service provider giving practical help, particularly for older people, to enable choice, independence and dignity so people can enjoy an improved quality of life. It has 56,000 volunteers.
  • WWIG - Wales Warning and Informing Group Ad hoc group of senior media editors, government representatives, local authority emergency planners, emergency services, police and the private sector in Wales set up to consider the provision of information to the public, and other media issues, in the context of civil emergencies.
  • Z card - Patented format for publishing information, which enables a page of up to A3-size to be folded down to credit card size
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